Building NGINX Ingress Controller with NGINX App Protect DoS

This document explains how to build an image for NGINX Ingress Controller with the NGINX App Protect DoS from source code.

Pre-built image alternatives
If you’d rather not build your own NGINX Ingress Controller image, see the pre-built image options at the end of this guide.

Before you start

  • To use NGINX App Protect DoS with NGINX Ingress Controller, you must have NGINX Plus.

Prepare the environment

Get your system ready for building and pushing the NGINX Ingress Controller image with NGINX App Protect DoS.

  1. Sign in to your private registry. Replace <my-docker-registry> with the path to your own private registry.

    docker login <my-docker-registry>
    
  2. Clone the NGINX Ingress Controller GitHub repository. Replace <version_number> with the version of NGINX Ingress Controller you want.

    git clone https://github.com/nginxinc/kubernetes-ingress.git --branch <version_number>
    cd kubernetes-ingress
    

    For instance if you want to clone version v3.5.1, the commands to run would be:

    git clone https://github.com/nginxinc/kubernetes-ingress.git --branch v3.5.1
    cd kubernetes-ingress/deployments
    

Build the image

Follow these steps to build the NGINX Controller Image with NGINX App Protect DoS.

  1. Place your NGINX Plus license files (nginx-repo.crt and nginx-repo.key) in the project’s root folder. To verify they’re in place, run:

    ls nginx-repo.*
    

    You should see:

    nginx-repo.crt  nginx-repo.key
    
  2. Build the image. Replace <makefile target> with your chosen build option and <my-docker-registry> with your private registry’s path. Refer to the Makefile targets table below for the list of build options.

    make <makefile target> PREFIX=<my-docker-registry>/nginx-plus-ingress TARGET=download
    

    For example, to build a Debian-based image with NGINX Plus and NGINX App Protect DoS, run:

    make debian-image-dos-plus PREFIX=<my-docker-registry>/nginx-plus-ingress TARGET=download
    

    What to expect: The image is built and tagged with a version number, which is derived from the VERSION variable in the Makefile. This version number is used for tracking and deployment purposes.

Note:
In the event a patch version of NGINX Plus is released, make sure to rebuild your image to get the latest version. If your system is caching the Docker layers and not updating the packages, add DOCKER_BUILD_OPTIONS="--pull --no-cache" to the make command.

Makefile targets

Makefile Target Description Compatible Systems
debian-image-dos-plus Builds a Debian-based image with NGINX Plus and the NGINX App Protect DoS module. Debian
debian-image-nap-dos-plus Builds a Debian-based image with NGINX Plus, NGINX App Protect DoS, and NGINX App Protect WAF. Debian
ubi-image-dos-plus Builds a UBI-based image with NGINX Plus and the NGINX App Protect DoS module. OpenShift
ubi-image-nap-dos-plus Builds a UBI-based image with NGINX Plus, NGINX App Protect DoS, and NGINX App Protect WAF. OpenShift

See Also:
For the complete list of Makefile targets and customizable variables, see the Building NGINX Ingress Controller guide

Push the image to your private registry

Once you’ve successfully built the NGINX Ingress Controller image with NGINX App Protect DoS, the next step is to upload it to your private Docker registry. This makes the image available for deployment to your Kubernetes cluster.

To upload the image, run the following command. If you’re using a custom tag, add TAG=your-tag to the end of the command. Replace <my-docker-registry> with your private registry’s path.

make push PREFIX=<my-docker-registry>/nginx-plus-ingress

Set up role-based access control (RBAC)

Admin access required
To complete these steps you need admin access to your cluster. Refer to to your Kubernetes platform’s documentation to set up admin access. For Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE), you can refer to their Role-Based Access Control guide.
  1. Create a namespace and a service account:

    kubectl apply -f deployments/common/ns-and-sa.yaml
    
  2. Create a cluster role and binding for the service account:

    kubectl apply -f deployments/rbac/rbac.yaml
    

If you’re planning to use NGINX App Protect or NGINX App Protect DoS, additional roles and bindings are needed.

  1. (NGINX App Protect only) Create the App Protect role and binding:

    kubectl apply -f deployments/rbac/ap-rbac.yaml
    
  2. (NGINX App Protect DoS only) Create the App Protect DoS role and binding:

    kubectl apply -f deployments/rbac/apdos-rbac.yaml
    

Create common resources

In this section, you’ll create resources that most NGINX Ingress Controller installations require:

  1. (Optional) Create a secret for the default NGINX server’s TLS certificate and key. Complete this step only if you’re using the default server TLS secret command-line argument. If you’re not, feel free to skip this step.

    By default, the server returns a 404 Not Found page for all requests when no ingress rules are set up. Although we provide a self-signed certificate and key for testing purposes, we recommend using your own certificate.

    kubectl apply -f examples/shared-examples/default-server-secret/default-server-secret.yaml
    
  2. Create a ConfigMap to customize your NGINX settings:

    kubectl apply -f deployments/common/nginx-config.yaml
    
  3. Create an IngressClass resource. NGINX Ingress Controller won’t start without an IngressClass resource.

    kubectl apply -f deployments/common/ingress-class.yaml
    

    If you want to make this NGINX Ingress Controller instance your cluster’s default, uncomment the ingressclass.kubernetes.io/is-default-class annotation. This action will auto-assign IngressClass to new ingresses that don’t specify an ingressClassName.


Create custom resources

To make sure your NGINX Ingress Controller pods reach the Ready state, you’ll need to create custom resource definitions (CRDs) for various components.

Alternatively, you can disable this requirement by setting the -enable-custom-resources command-line argument to false.

There are two ways you can install the custom resource definitions:

  1. Using a URL to apply a single CRD yaml file, which we recommend.
  2. Applying your local copy of the CRD yaml files, which requires you to clone the repository.

This single YAML file creates CRDs for the following resources:

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nginxinc/kubernetes-ingress/v3.5.1/deploy/crds.yaml

Note:
If you are installing the CRDs this way, ensure you have first cloned the repository.

These YAML files create CRDs for the following resources:

kubectl apply -f config/crd/bases/k8s.nginx.org_virtualservers.yaml
kubectl apply -f config/crd/bases/k8s.nginx.org_virtualserverroutes.yaml
kubectl apply -f config/crd/bases/k8s.nginx.org_transportservers.yaml
kubectl apply -f config/crd/bases/k8s.nginx.org_policies.yaml
kubectl apply -f config/crd/bases/k8s.nginx.org_globalconfigurations.yaml

Create App Protect DoS custom resources

This single YAML file creates CRDs for the following resources:

  • APDosPolicy
  • APDosLogConf
  • DosProtectedResource
kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nginxinc/kubernetes-ingress/v3.5.1/deploy/crds-nap-dos.yaml

These YAML files create CRDs for the following resources:

  • APDosPolicy
  • APDosLogConf
  • DosProtectedResource
kubectl apply -f config/crd/bases/appprotectdos.f5.com_apdoslogconfs.yaml
kubectl apply -f config/crd/bases/appprotectdos.f5.com_apdospolicy.yaml
kubectl apply -f config/crd/bases/appprotectdos.f5.com_dosprotectedresources.yaml

Deploy NGINX Ingress Controller

You have two options for deploying NGINX Ingress Controller:

  • Deployment. Choose this method for the flexibility to dynamically change the number of NGINX Ingress Controller replicas.
  • DaemonSet. Choose this method if you want NGINX Ingress Controller to run on all nodes or a subset of nodes.

Before you start, update the command-line arguments for the NGINX Ingress Controller container in the relevant manifest file to meet your specific requirements.

Using a Deployment

For additional context on managing containers using Kubernetes Deployments, refer to the official Kubernetes Deployments documentation.

When you deploy NGINX Ingress Controller as a Deployment, Kubernetes automatically sets up a single NGINX Ingress Controller pod.

  • For NGINX, run:

    kubectl apply -f deployments/deployment/nginx-ingress.yaml
    
  • For NGINX Plus, run:

    kubectl apply -f deployments/deployment/nginx-plus-ingress.yaml
    

    Update the nginx-plus-ingress.yaml file to include your chosen image from the F5 Container registry or your custom container image.

Using a DaemonSet

For additional context on managing containers using Kubernetes DaemonSets, refer to the official Kubernetes DaemonSets documentation.

When you deploy NGINX Ingress Controller as a DaemonSet, Kubernetes creates an Ingress Controller pod on every node in the cluster.

  • For NGINX, run:

    kubectl apply -f deployments/daemon-set/nginx-ingress.yaml
    
  • For NGINX Plus, run:

    kubectl apply -f deployments/daemon-set/nginx-plus-ingress.yaml
    

    Update the nginx-plus-ingress.yaml file to include your chosen image from the F5 Container registry or your custom container image.


Install the App Protect DoS Arbitrator

Helm Chart

The App Protect DoS Arbitrator can be installed using the NGINX App Protect DoS Helm Chart. If you have the NGINX Helm Repository already added, you can install the App Protect DoS Arbitrator by running the following command:

helm install my-release-dos nginx-stable/nginx-appprotect-dos-arbitrator

YAML Manifests

Alternatively, you can install the App Protect DoS Arbitrator using the YAML manifests provided in the NGINX Ingress Controller repo.

  1. Create the namespace and service account:

      kubectl apply -f common/ns-and-sa.yaml
    
  2. Deploy the NGINX App Protect Arbitrator as a Deployment and service:

    kubectl apply -f deployment/appprotect-dos-arb.yaml
    kubectl apply -f service/appprotect-dos-arb-svc.yaml
    

Enable NGINX App Protect DoS module

To enable the NGINX App Protect DoS Module:


Confirm NGINX Ingress Controller is running

To confirm the NGINX Ingress Controller pods are operational, run:

kubectl get pods --namespace=nginx-ingress

For more information, see the Configuration guide,the NGINX Ingress Controller with App Protect DoS example for VirtualServer and the NGINX Ingress Controller with App Protect DoS example for Ingress.


Alternatives to building your own image

If you prefer not to build your own NGINX Ingress Controller image, you can use pre-built images. Here are your options: